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tv   France 24 News  PBS  July 26, 2013 5:00pm-5:31pm PDT

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>> welcome back. this is the latest update. egypt is once again on tender hooks as tens of thousands of supporters and opponents of mohamed morsi have taken to the streets. despite a massive security operation, clashes between opposing sides have already turned deadly. at least five people have been killed in the mediterranean city of alexandria during a violent showdown, while dozens have been wounded. the interior minister says the opposition leader was killed and has accused hardliners of being behind the attack. relatives and supporters have blamed the government for their assassinations. the act has caused protesters on
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both sides of the political divide to take to the streets on friday. pope francis says his mission is to re-energize the catholic faith. the fifth day of his visit to latin america, he arrived on copacabana beach for a reenactment of the crucifixion. the survivor of a train that derailed in northwest spain reports that the train was traveling more than double the speed limit at the time of the crash. police are questioning the 52- year-old driver. he is currently in hospital recovering from injuries sustained in the accident. in pakistan, a series of explosions wracked the area near the northern border of afghanistan.
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people were shopping for food to break their ramadan fast. it is the deadliest attack to hit the country during the holy month. no group has claimed responsibility. the man who held three women captive for almost a decade and repeatedly raped them will spend the rest of his life in jail. ariel castro pleaded guilty, which allows him to avoid the death penalty. the 53-year-old former ohio bus driver was arrested on may 6 after one of the victims managed to escape, together with a daughter who she bore in captivity. two more local women were later rescued from the house. that is all we have time for for this edition, but do stay tuned for more news coming up shortly. >> welcome back or welcome if
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you are just joining us. this is the world this week. with this is vivian walt of time magazine, johnny carta of brazilian newsweek glee and carta capital. we were talking before the break about now, with the street ruling, who has a mandate, who was legitimate, core issues in egypt. sometimes the issue of legitimacy can still be topical here in europe. in britain, scotland is getting ready to vote on independence. the united kingdom is ruled by a seeming unlikely coalition government. but the british still have this, royal family, and its next generation seeing the light of day this week. >> he has her looks, thankfully. >> no, no, no.
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>> following the birth of britain's most read tabloid changed its name to "the son" for a day. of course, we covered this. some of you disagreed. royal baby overdose was the #he devised for us. that brings us to our media buzz segment. >> you are talking about a lot of coverage. i think maybe that british press cartoon sums it up. a tidal wave of royal baby news submerging some poor member of the public with television screens, newspapers etc. do we have that?
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not sure we can actually get the visual. but in any case -- >> the technical staff in the gallery has had enough. there we go. >> a tidal wave of baby news coverage. elsewhere, take a look at that. that is the daily mail with their commemorative issue of the royal baby and about 20 pages of wall-to-wall coverage. in the end, they ask if the bbc was over-the-top, which, which is a bit rich. the bbc answered that on the complete section of the website. they said monday was the biggest day ever for their website. from their point of view, there was interest in the story so they were covering it. they also covered other stories. i think it was seven or eight minutes after the 1 p.m. news they were interviewing a kate middleton look-alike and asking some very serious questions. the coverage did get a little
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bit crazy. >> i was going to say, because i had a sense during the week that the americans were just as gung ho, if more so. did yove sense of that as well, that the american coverage was just as intense on this story? >> weight, there was a baby born? i must have missed it. as a print journalist, i am really thrilled that millions more papers and magazines were sold this week because of a baby, but yes, the americans are completely got over this baby. -- gaga over this baby. i am as much a sucker is anyone over a newborn baby. it is very compelling to see a beautiful couple coming out with their newborn baby, but give me a break. i mean, we have the world's cameras focused on some easel outside buckingham palace. it is completely, like, mass lunacy. >> i agree. i think it was like peoples brains went to jelly this week.
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that is the american networks running after the stork in that particular cartoon. one journalist said, i predict the worst journalistic day of the year. he said that on monday. afterward, he said i have said everything i have to say in that tweet. >> do you recall it being difficult to get a story on air? >> there were expectations of a name, of an appearance. >> were their arguments in the newsroom of people saying you had done too much? >> not really because we quickly talked about bookmakers and how they were able to gamble about everything, the name of the baby, as a name of his first girlfriend, the first words he could pronounce in a few years. we also talked about how english people still like the monarchy
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or are they fed up with the monarchy. >> just between you and me, the french seem to like that monarchy to. >> but i think some of them were fed up after a few hours. >> a lot of people did lay it down. that is quite hysterical. they were not the only ones to do that. that is the comedy section of the huffington post website with lots of tongue-in-cheek references. that was an irish paper, famous woman gives birth. perhaps the most indicative element of all of this is this coverage. that is very straight daily telegraph coverage of what seems like a fact. let's take a look at that moment on monday, right.
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>> he is not a real town crier at all. a lot of americans covering this took this as straight fact. the daily trailer graph -- daily telegraph reported on it and did not take it down. the level of theater was so great around this event that even false events such as that were taken is the real deal, which i think says it all. >> many thanks for that. the town crier occupying large segments of our new cycle this week. of course, there is more airtime to fill now in the era of cable news than there was back when
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william and harry were born. >> much more. the whole problem was, the anticipation was such that people weren't face long before the event, and then they had nothing to do -- were in place, long before the event, and then they had nothing to do, nothing to say. they were virtually making up stories. when you start interviewing kate middleton's double and asking her serious questions, you truly are desperate. >> was this a story that captured your heart? >> i did not write a line. i sympathize with kate middleton. >> you did not write a line. did you watch? >> i did not really watch either. it is nice to have a baby, and he baby. i sympathize. i understand that you want to instill pride and nationalism into the crowd. it works. but it is not the kind of story
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we publish. i have one interesting data here. itv, the broadcaster, had higher ratings than the bbc exactly because they showed more hard news than the coverage of the royal baby. >> i think a lot of people did what i did which was, i thought, ok, when i see a headline flashed by on my computer screen that it has happened, then i will go look at a video if there is any, but the idea of looking at it as a breakig event, like an election, it was not that interesting. i think a lot of people tuned in after the fact. >> it is good for the british economy because 243 million pounds are expected now on toys and souvenirs to celebrate the birth. >> good for the economy.
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we are going to celebrate the birthday another famous englishman this week. sir mick jagger turning 70 this friday. the man who sang time is on my side, fighting fit at the age of 70, and that is great news for fans of the rolling stones, the emblem in the figure of the me generation. many more happy returns certainly await mick jagger. great news for rock music lovers. but the longevity of baby boomers as a whole, not such great news for the b wilford mayor of detroit who last week declared the city broke -- be wilwildered mayor of detroit, wo last week declared the city broke, but still has to pay pensions.
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last week, we discussed the monolithic, increasingly automated auto industry. vivian walt, time magazine's cover story puts it brenly. who is next? >> and if you read the cover story, one of the more scary bits in the article is chicago, which is a much more important, big city in america, the third biggest city. >> the mayor there has just announced 2100 layoffs in the public school system. >> and that mayor is formerly obama's top aide. they are drowning in what is essentially pension payments, with seemingly no way to reform the pension system. and a bill that is only getting bigger and bigger, of course, as
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the population ages and lives 25 years past the official retirement age. so that is detroit and chicago. but it is also a problem in so many other american cities. >> engine funds a ticking time bomb, points out the economist. federal courts can only insist so long that cities and states continue to pay pensions for seniors. that is the percentage of how much pensions cost in terms of tax revenue. those are the five most indebted. the economist, which in one of its lead editorial said the issue will arise again and will not truly settled until it reaches the supreme court, any places like detroit will surely have to break some past promises , and the economist thinks it is right to do so when it comes to paying pensions. >> easy for them to say.
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i think that is probably true, but the other problem has to do with the federal government and what is going on in washington and nationwide, this whole effort to reduce taxes, reduce taxes, reduce taxes. those are sandwiches they are showing is the percentage over the income that the cities get -- those are percentages they are showing that are the percentages over the income that the cities get. it is a chicken and egg kind of thing. they get to a point where they cannot fund the lease force. their crime goes up. people flee the city -- fund the police force. their crime goes up. people flee the city and then they have lower taxes. new york has raised taxes and raised taxes and it has become a better and better place with safer places to live and less urban flight.
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the problem is the model is not sustainable. >> california is a prime example. the governor convincing the voters to agree to raise taxes, and they are starting to see the light at the end of the tunnel. but approach is another question johnny carter, which is, back in 2007 we realized we had lived above our means, but all that red ink is still out there. >> to your question, what strikes me is that we cannot not think about the big three. even if that is not the only reason why they went bankrupt, it is why i suppose one of the major issues. how a city that had 2 million people now has 700,000 people, they did not have enough jobs and they went away because there were no jobs with these automakers.
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this has to do with the fact that the car, it this city was built to build cars. states like california, los angeles, where i lived, they are built around the car. you know, you cannot survive without a car. since 2007, all of the auto industries all over the world are being affected. i remember when i was 18, 19, my dream was to have a car. the dream was to have a motorcycle or a car. this is no longer the case in france, for instance. >> you still need your car in california. the issue, and we talked about it earlier in the week, is that actually, manufacturing in detroit has gone up. ford motor company is doing well. they just do not need as many jobs anymore. we have a tweet here that says,
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is a technology's fault? >> this is interesting thing because just a couple of years ago we were talking about the renaissance in detroit and how fantastic it was that president obama put this money in the stimulus and bailed out the auto industry. that seemed to be a bet that paid off. it seems like, i mean, in my mind, one of the missing pieces of that stimulus package was that it did not come with any conditions about real job creation, and it was possible for industry to recover, and apparently there are now trillions of dollars out there in the private sector in liquidity, but job creation is completely another thing, and it was not knitted into the whole plan. >> well, it is knitted into the whole fan if you have a tax
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structure that allows the government to create those jobs. when president obama and does what he did this week and says we need to restore the infrastructure of the united states, he is talking about exactly the kind of jobs that people in the auto industry who were laid off can go get in construction or other infrastructure building jobs. but if you are not going to tax the people that have all that liquidity, all those trillions of dollars, which is what the republicans are counting on, then you cannot pay those jobs. >> a city in france was put under in 2009. they had to reduce public expenses and increase taxes by 50%. it was to avoid the situation like in detroit, to avoid anger up see. -- bankruptcy.
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>> well, bankruptcy does not mean everybody packs up in the city shuts down. it means it goes into the courts and essentially becomes a restructuring of the debt. not a good thing. >> final point on this, by the way, a lot of this bad debt from places like detroit, the wall street journal pointing out that some of that was repackaged and sold to european banks. are people on this side of the atlantic really worried about this story, because they have a feeling that there is going to be a boomerang effect if there are more detroit's? >> it depends on if detroit actually defaults on those. again, once a goes into bankruptcy -- once it goes into bankruptcy proceedings -- >> a dutch bank has already
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announced a $40 million write- off. >> that enck is in such a people all -- that bank is in such a deep hole already, i am not sure detroit is going to be the straw that breaks the camels back. >> the cost is left to future generations, which brings us to the subject of result. for his first major trip, the pope going to rio for the catholic church's world youth day. like the world cup next year and the 2016 olympics, the check is being picked up by brazilian tax payers mostly, to the equivalent of nearly 40 million euro according to a newspaper. there is a sense that that is one of the things that lead people to go out into the streets. there has not been very much coverage of it here in france, but there have been demonstrations against the money spent. >> yes, but not as much as there
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were before when they raise the prices of buses and the metro and there was triggered many different insurrections, basically. there was no clear opposition against the government. it was not really something like in turkey, a movement against the government. >> but those were not about the pope, the bus fares. >> no but, the prices of the stadiums, once they saw those things being made, once they saw those prices, they really started to protest, and then they started to protest against corruption, against many different things, a poor health system, lack of benefits.
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what triggered this whole thing were the high prices for buses and the metro. now, with the pope coming, that was a real issue because people were worried about the pope coming, and the bill was 40 million euro, paid by the brazilian government, and people were afraid that there were going to be many protests. there were not as many. it has been successful. >> just one final point, there were protests about the environmental impact. one of the masses was celebrated at a big public park. it was rained out and move to cocoa cabana as a result. there you see some of the images . it is interesting, because you
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do not expect rain in rio, number one, but number two, the complaints over things like the environmental impact, over the way you do urban planning in the city like rio, these issues really coming to the fore now. >> yes, brazilians are very engaged in these issues. they really are into ecological issues. just as much as the north americans, just as much as the europeans. but, you know, the fact is, the pope came. i was in rome last week and i asked the spokesperson of the pope if he was -- if the pope was rewriting his text during the last mass about what was going on in brazil, if he was going to be on the side of brazilians, that they had the
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right to protest. but the president had already said that. the president was trying to do as much as she can, but you do not see the results immediately. >> has the pope rolled with the punches? has his trip been a success? >> his spokesperson told me that he rewrites his speeches until the last minute. it was a good answer. >> the world really getting a glimpe of him now with this visit, the visit part of world youth day organized by the catholic church. he gave a special nod to his fellow argentinians with a special mass for his compatriots who have made the trip to rio. the pope addressing all those lapsed catholics who jumped to evangelical churches. >> i hope for pandemonium. inside here there is going to be pandemonium. is there going to be pandemonium in rio? there is, as i want pandemonium
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in the diocese. i wanted to go out. >> the pope saying he wants the church to go out into the streets and, do you get the sense that he has a grasp on the crisis that the church is facing in places like brazil, which has the largest number of catholics in the world, but the number going down? >> well, i mean, he could've made more or less the same speech in many countries. in africa, for example, where catholics are abandoning the church for evangelical churches. it is really hard to tell what they should do. clearly, the evangelical churches have huge appeal for a lot of people who feel like the vatican is too remote and to cloistered and simply too dated. >> has he made all the right moves so far?
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>> i am not sure i am really the right person to ask. certainly, he seemed very consciously chosen to somebody who might be able to bridge that gap toward more mass appeal, unlike his predecessor. >> and it is something that we will continue to follow. i want to thank you all for joining us here on the world this week.
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welcome to "newsline." i'm keiko kitagawa in tokyo. police officers have arrested the driver of the derailed train that crashed in northwest spain. at least 78 passengers died and more than 140 were injured. local media report that the train was traveling at 190 kilometers per hour, more than twice the speed limit of 80 kilometers per hour on the dangerous bend. police told reporters at a news conference on friday they had placed the 52-year-old driver of the train under arrest for allene


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